The music publishing market in each country of South East Asia has been developing in various paces. Publishers can collect various types of royalties smoothly, except for performing income in some territories like Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia and India where the performing right societies still lack support to conclude general performing right licences with major users or public licensees.
Among all the territories, Hong Kong is the most mature market. Publishers can collect all types of royalties directly from the sources except for performing royalties which is collected through the well established society Composers and Authors Society of Hong Kong (CASH). Hong Kong also serves as a regional headquarters for all the regional publishers to liaise with their respective affiliates, and to discuss the regional issues.
As for Singapore, Malaysia and Taiwan, music publishing business has been there for more than 15 years, and publishers are able to collect various types of royalties. In 1992 an Asia Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed by the major multi-national record companies and music publishers. The objectives is to formalize the mechanical royalty rate and payment systems in countries such as Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, South Korea and India. It also provides for the negotiation and conclusion of individual local industry agreement to regulate all the mechanical royalty systems in those countries. Up to the present industry agreements have been concluded for most of the territories respectively.
As for China, the society Music Copyright Society of China (MCSC) was set up in 1993 as supported by the National Musician Association, National Copyright Department, Lawyers sector and Artists sector after the Copyright Law was launched by the Government in 1992. Nowadays MCSC holds its headquarters in Beijing with branch offices in major provinces or counties. MCSC has been licensing and collecting royalties on certain mechanical and new media uses. To cope with the tough large amount of illegal use of copyrighted works, MCSC has been spending lots of money on lawsuits in the capital city Beijing and Shanghai against the infringing parties. The impact has turned out very positive and that the general public become more conscious about copyright.
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